What Are The Side Effects of Topical Hydrocortisone Cream?
When we think of steroids, the first thing to come to mind might be muscle-bound bodybuilders or athletes who use them to unfairly enhance their performance. But there are different types of steroids, and not all of them are used for illicit purposes. Steroids also exist in skincare products; and while they are not illegal, they can be just as controversial.
The most common type of steroid used illegally in sports is called anabolic steroids, which are synthetic hormones similar to testosterone. The side effects of these drugs include liver damage, high blood pressure, and aggression.
Corticosteroids, on the other hand, are what are found in many skin care products. They are a type of steroid naturally produced in our bodies by the adrenal gland. They’re often used to treat inflammatory conditions, such as allergies, asthma, and arthritis. It is also possible to manufacture synthetic corticosteroids that are used in creams, ointments, and injections to treat a host of skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema.
Though corticosteroid-containing skincare products may seem harmless because they’re so widely available, this is not the case.
Read on to find out how these commonly used ingredients can negatively affect your health if you use them frequently and why you should be very wary of them.
When it comes to steroids in skincare, it seems like they’re in everything these days.
Hydrocortisone, a milder form of corticosteroid, can be found in over-the-counter itch creams and anti-inflammatory products. Clobetasol propionate, a stronger type of corticosteroid, is available by prescription and is typically used in the treatment of more serious skin conditions such as psoriasis.
While hydrocortisone can be used safely for short periods of time, repeatedly applying it to the skin can cause thinning, redness, and itching. Clobetasol propionate should only be used as directed by a doctor; and even then, only for a few weeks at most.
Corticosteroids are commonly found in prescription creams for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (e.g., hydrocortisone 10%) or psoriasis (e.g., tacrolimus 2%).
Many lower cost skincare products contain natural corticosteroid ingredients as well, including ointments or lotions that use hydrocortisone, dexamethasone or betamethasone as their primary active ingredient.
So, are corticosteroids in skin care products bad for you?
Before diving deep into that question, let’s first understand how they work.
Cortisone vs Hydrocortisone
Most people have heard of cortisone, but many don’t know that there are actually two types of this medication – cortisone and hydrocortisone. Both are steroid hormones that can be used to treat a variety of conditions, but they have different strengths and durations of action.
Cortisone is a natural steroid hormone secreted by the adrenal gland, while hydrocortisone is a synthetic version of this hormone. Both are used to treat inflammation and allergic reactions as well as regulating metabolism, immunity, and stress response.
Hydrocortisone is more potent than cortisone and has a more rapid onset of action. However, it also has a more short-lived effect. Cortisone, conversely, has a longer duration of action but is less effective at reducing inflammation.
These drugs are available in different forms, including creams, ointments, tablets, and injections. They’re also available in different strengths, from prescription-strength to over-the-counter (OTC) products.
Specifically, hydrocortisone is available in OTC form, while cortisone tablets are only available by prescription.
What is hydrocortisone cream used for?
Topical steroid hydrocortisone cream is used to treat and reduce itching and inflammation caused by eczema, psoriasis, poison ivy, and other skin conditions.
It is available over the counter in concentrations of up to 1% hydrocortisone, while higher concentrations are available by prescription only.
Hydrocortisone cream is generally safe and effective when used as directed. This is usually limited to intermittent or short-term use (2 weeks).
Some serious side effects can occur when it is used for long periods of time or in higher concentrations. This is why hydrocortisone is not an effective long-term solution for chronic skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.
How long does hydrocortisone cream take to work?
Hydrocortisone cream is not an instant fix.
When used to reduce the inflammation and itching associated with an eczema flare-up, hydrocortisone topical cream typically shows results in three to seven days after application.
Three to seven days can feel like an eternity to someone who is dealing with the severe discomfort of an eczema flare-up. The National Eczema Association recommends using a cool compress or taking a colloidal oatmeal bath to help relieve symptoms while waiting for the hydrocortisone to take effect.
Unfortunately for many, the long wait for relief is the least of the potential outcomes from using hydrocortisone.
The many side effects of hydrocortisone
Many people are not aware of the risks involved with using topical creams with steroids. They are so ubiquitous and in so many products, we often forget that they are powerful drugs with potential side effects.
Steroids in general, including hydrocortisone, can cause a number of side effects when used on the skin. These include:
When applied to the skin, hydrocortisone works by reducing the activity of the immune system, which helps to reduce inflammation and redness.
However, this also means that it can suppress the skin’s ability to fight off infection. You are more likely to contract bacterial or fungal infections if you use a hydrocortisone cream on an open wound or broken skin.
According to the CDC, hydrocortisone cream can even make ringworm worse!
Stinging or burning
Hydrocortisone cream can cause a stinging or burning sensation when applied to the skin. This is more likely to occur if you have sensitive skin or if you are using a higher concentration of hydrocortisone.
If you experience this side effect, wash the affected area with soap and water as soon as possible.
Because hydrocortisone cream is so often recommended to relieve itching, it may seem counterintuitive to hear that it can actually cause itching. But it’s true. This is because it can disrupt the skin’s natural barrier, which can lead to dryness and cracking. This can lead to more itching and irritation of the skin.
Pretty soon you could be scratching the more intense itching that the “anti-itch” cream caused!
If this happens while you are using hydrocortisone cream, call your doctor right away.
Acne is a common side effect of corticosteroids used in skincare products.
Generally, this occurs as a result of the increase in oil production that corticosteroids tend to cause. Furthermore, corticosteroids can also contribute to other types of unflattering skin conditions like rosacea or hyperpigmentation.
The corticosteroid interrupts the production of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid (a compound found in cellular tissue that binds water) which can lead to premature skin aging caused by wrinkles, fine lines or other signs of aging.
In other words, if you’d like to prevent wrinkles, fine lines or other signs of aging without using harmful ingredients like retinol or alcohol-based cosmetics — avoid using topical corticosteroids altogether!
Thinning of the skin
We’ve all heard that thick skin is important, especially when dealing with criticism. Well, it’s also important to have thick skin — literally.
Corticosteroids can cause the skin to thin, which makes it more fragile and susceptible to injury. In addition, thinning of the skin can also lead to stretch marks.
So, naturally, if you’re looking for a way to prevent stretch marks, you should avoid using topical corticosteroids.
Worsen existing conditions
Making a skin condition worse is the last thing you want when treating it. Yet these topical products can worsen symptoms of inflammatory skin condition, such as rosacea.
If you have a history of existing skin conditions, it is important to consult your doctor about any skincare products you plan to use, especially those containing corticosteroids.
Go steroid free!
After everything described above, it may seem pretty bleak when it comes to the available options for skincare, and anti-itch medication specifically. It seems that so many of the products on the market today come with a laundry list of harmful side effects.
But don’t worry, there are still safe and effective ways to treat your skin without resorting to corticosteroids.
The best option available is one that is steroid-free and safe for everyday use.
Dermeleve® was developed as a direct response to the need for a safe and effective steroid-free anti-itch cream suitable for long term use.
The ingredients in Dermeleve®’s itch relief cream are all natural:
- Ceramides: Molecules rich in lipids that retain moisture and encourage the regeneration of skin cells.
- Hyaluronic acid: Stimulates the proliferation of cells and aids in the healing process.
- Vitamin C&E: They help maintain the health and appearance of the skin.
- Shea butter: Provides moisture retention to the skin.
Don’t wait for days to finally be free of that itch!
Dermeleve®’s itch relief cream provides fast and effective relief from itchiness caused by dry skin, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, hives and more.
With Dermeleve®’s SrX-38 steroid-free formula, it is rapidly absorbed into the skin, diminishing the irritation and itching sensation within just a few minutes of application.
How long would you rather wait for relief- three to seven days, or just a few minutes?
Just checking. And so should you!
Check out Dermelve to find out for yourself, and feel what you’ve been missing!
Do your research
In case you’re not sure if your favorite products contain corticosteroids and want to confirm, check with the manufacturer directly if their products contain any ingredients that are considered systemic by the FDA (e.g., hydrocortisone 10%).
Another option would be checking the company’s ingredient list on their website and looking for names of known steroidal ingredients such as hydrocortisone 10%.
Whatever direction you decide to take your skin health, we hope that this article has been helpful in making you more informed about the ingredients in your skincare products, and their potential effects on your health.
As always, consult with a licensed healthcare professional if you have any concerns about using corticosteroid-containing products on your skin.
If you’d rather not deal with the risks or have to wait for the relief, we suggest you give Dermeleve® a try! Your skin will thank you!