Updated October 1, 2023
If you’ve just been stung by a bee, wasp or yellow jacket, you have my sympathies. That sucks.
Besides the apparent and instant discomfort of a sting or bite, you might experience a slight allergic response. This reaction could result in inflammation, redness, and pain at the sting's location. The acute discomfort from the sting will likely dissipate within a few hours. Subsequently, you can expect your symptoms to diminish within a span of 24-48 hours.
Nonetheless, persisting wasp sting swelling after 48 hours warrants treatment. If you're allergic or had severe reactions to bee stings before, this is especially true.
Try these simple methods and home remedies to help with the symptoms of a wasp sting. They can also be applied to treat a bee sting. Especially, if the swelling persists beyond 48 hours.
Determine if You Have an Allergic Reaction to the Insect Sting
First things first. This is an important one. You need to determine if you are having a serious allergic reaction to a bee sting.
Bee and wasp stings are often painful and irritating for individuals who aren't allergic. Luckily, these situations are typically not life threatening. But people with an allergy to stings, like anaphylaxis, can have a serious reaction. Tragically, symptoms of anaphylaxis can be life-threatening.
Individuals conscious of their bee sting allergy typically carry an EpiPen. This is a precautionary measure for potential emergencies involving anaphylactic reaction.
The EpiPen is a tool that helps people give themselves a shot of epinephrine. This offers an efficient method for alleviating anaphylaxis symptoms. This is particularly pertinent if a bad reaction to a bee sting occurs. Even if the EpiPen is used, people should still call 911 or go to the emergency room right away. They may need first aid, further medical care and observation there.
If you usually feel uncomfortable after being stung, you should be worried. A rash or hives developing at the site within hours is often telling. These symptoms suggest an allergic reaction. Consequently, seeking medical assistance might be necessary.
Your symptoms develop later on. If the pain continues for over 48 hours, start treatment as soon as you can.
Symptoms of a wasp sting
The symptoms of a wasp or bee sting may depend on your body's sting reaction. Stings usually make the area where you were stung red, swollen, itchy, and painful. In some cases, severely allergic reactions can result from wasp stings too. It's very important to monitor your symptoms for any signs of a systemic reaction. If you have trouble breathing, vomiting, or feel faint after a wasp sting, get medical help right away. If you experience all of these symptoms, get help right away.
Remove the stinger
If a wasp stings you, the first step is to quickly remove the stinger. To minimize venom intake, try scraping it off with your fingernail or using tweezers. This can help reduce the severity of reactions. If you neutralize the venom, large local reactions can be reduced as well.
The difference between a bee and wasp sting
While bees die after stinging something, wasps can sting multiple times. This makes it easier for them to cause a widespread reaction if they sting multiple times in one area. Wasps have stronger venom than bees, which can cause more severe reactions.
What to do if the wasp sting is still swelling after 48 hours
First things first. Don't panic. Next:
Keep the Area of the Wasp Sting Clean
After removing the stinger, clean the sting area with soap and water to reduce bacteria. If your wasp sting is still swelling, it can keep your skin from healing. If any venom remains on the sting site, it can cause more swelling and exacerbate the situation.
To remove venom or debris, use a clean cloth to gently wipe the affected area until there is no more residue or the pain subsides. To ease discomfort while wiping, apply ice or cold water to the area. This will numb the area and make it easier to clean.
Apply Ice Packs to The Sting Area
To reduce swelling, apply a cold ice pack or wet towel to the sting for 10-15 minutes every two hours. The cold temperature will reduce swelling and numb the area. This works by decreasing the blood flow, which decreases inflammation.
If you don’t have ice packs, you can use a frozen bag of vegetables wrapped in a towel to help with pain and swelling.
Take an Anti-Inflammatory Medicine
If you are stung by a bee or wasp, your doctor may give you anti-inflammatory medicine as a treatment. It will help you avoid a severe allergic reaction and reduce pain and swelling in the area.
Your doctor may recommend Advil, Aleve, or a stronger prescription medicine to lower inflammation.
Sometimes, if the doctor thinks it’s necessary, they may also give you a corticosteroid injection. This is to reduce any allergic reactions that could be caused by the sting and help reduce the swelling.
Soothe the Pain
To alleviate pain quickly and effectively, try using a product like Dermeleve®. Dermeleve® is mainly used to treat itching, but it also effectively soothes stinging pain on the skin. Dermeleve® is a topical pain reliever that works quickly when applied directly to a sting.
Users often feel results in as little as five minutes, and experience relief for up to six to eight hours.
You can re-apply Dermeleve® frequently throughout the day because it doesn't have steroids. You can use it for a long time without worrying about serious side effects or withdrawal symptoms.
Stay Hydrated to Reduce Sting Swelling
When you have a bee sting or wasp sting, your body releases water to dilate the capillaries so it can release swelling and histamine. Staying hydrated will help decrease swelling in the area of the wasp sting.
Water is the best choice, but flavored drinks like Gatorade can also keep you hydrated and fight dehydration.
Hydration isn't just limited to beverages. You can stay hydrated by eating fruits and vegetables with lots of water, like strawberries, pineapple, and cucumbers. In fact, some studies have shown that drinking water-rich fruits and vegetables can be just as effective as drinking plain water.
See a Doctor if Your Sting is Still Swelling After 48 Hours
If you’re still experiencing pain and swelling after waiting at least 24-48 hours of getting stung by a wasp, it will be best to call your doctor. They can offer some insight into the cause of the swelling and recommend further treatments. They might recommend an antibiotic cream to prevent infection. Or they might suggest a corticosteroid shot to reduce inflammation.
If you have a bee sting allergy, see a doctor right away after getting stung. Your condition could get worse fast if not treated promptly.
Remember, it's a good idea to see a doctor even if you feel fine, just in case.
Let's recap. Many people are afraid of bees and wasps, but unfortunately, sometimes getting a bee or yellow jacket sting is unavoidable.
If someone is at risk of a severe reaction, like anaphylactic shock, they need immediate medical help after being stung. Most people will only have a mild reaction.
To treat a bee or wasp sting, apply a cold compress and take anti-inflammatory medicine. Use Dermeleve® to soothe pain and itch, and stay hydrated. If your swelling persists for 48 hours or more, or if you have an allergic reaction, it is recommended to see a doctor.
To treat your bee or wasp sting quickly and effectively, follow these steps. Then, you can go back to enjoying the outdoors!
Want to learn more? Check out our YouTube video all about Wasp and Bee Stings!
Q: How can I treat a bee or wasp sting if it's still swelling after 48 hours?
If the swelling around the sting site is still there after 48 hours, see a doctor. If you have a sign of an allergy or infection, see a healthcare professional for treatment.
Q: What are the different types of reactions that can occur from a bee or wasp sting?
A bee or wasp sting can cause three types of reactions: local, large local, and systemic. When you get stung, the area hurts, turns red, swells, and itches. When you have a large local reaction, your swelling will be significant and cover an area bigger than 10 centimeters. Allergic reactions, called systemic reactions, can be mild or severe. They may cause hives, breathing problems, dizziness, or anaphylaxis.
Q: What is anaphylaxis and how is it related to bee or yellow jacket stings?
A: Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can occur in response to a bee or yellow jacket sting. It is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. Anaphylaxis symptoms can make it hard to breathe, swell up the face or throat, make the heart beat fast, cause dizziness, and make someone pass out. Epinephrine is the main treatment for anaphylaxis and should be given as soon as possible in these cases.
Q: Can I treat a bee or wasp sting at home?
A: Most bee and wasp stings can be treated at home with simple remedies. First, remove the stinger if it's still embedded in the skin. Clean the area with soap and water, then apply a cold compress to reduce swelling. You can also take over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, to alleviate pain. But if you have more symptoms or if the swelling doesn't go away, see a doctor.
Q: How can I differentiate between a normal localized reaction and an allergic reaction to a bee or wasp sting?
A: Normal localized reactions to bee or wasp stings include pain, redness, swelling, and itching at the site of the sting. These reactions usually subside within a few days. Allergic reactions, on the other hand, involve more severe symptoms that extend beyond the site of the sting. Some symptoms of an allergic reaction are hives, itching, trouble breathing, dizziness, and swelling. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention, as it could indicate an allergy to bee stings.
Q: Are there any home remedies that can help relieve the swelling and pain associated with a bee or wasp sting?
A: Yes, there are some home remedies that may help alleviate the swelling and pain from a bee or wasp sting. Applying a paste made of baking soda and water to the affected area can help reduce inflammation. Placing a cold compress or ice pack on the sting site can also provide relief. But remember, home remedies may not be enough for serious allergies or infections. If that happens, get medical help.
Q: Should I delay seeking medical attention if I am allergic to bee stings?
A: If you have an allergy to bee stings, don't wait to get medical help if you have severe symptoms. Allergies can quickly get worse, so it's important to treat them promptly with medicine like epinephrine. This can save lives. If you're allergic to bee stings, it's best to always have an epinephrine auto-injector. Use it right away if you have an allergic reaction.
Q: Can a bee or wasp sting cause a serious allergic reaction even if I have never had a reaction before?
A: Yes, a bee or wasp sting can cause a serious allergic reaction, even if you've never reacted before. Allergies can start anytime. When you get stung for the first time, your body can react in a way that causes allergies when you get stung again. It's important to know the signs of an allergic reaction and get medical help if needed.
Q: What should I do if I have been stung by a bee or wasp and develop hives or other allergic symptoms?
If a bee or wasp stings you and you get hives or other allergic symptoms away from the sting, see a doctor right away. If you have an allergic reaction, you may need to treat it right away. Take antihistamines, corticosteroids, or epinephrine. These will help you to feel better and stop the reaction from getting worse.
Q: Should I talk to my doctor about bee or wasp stings and how to treat them?
A: It's a good idea to talk to your doctor about bee or wasp stings, especially if you have an allergy or had severe reactions before. If you get stung by a bee or wasp, ask your doctor for advice. They can tell you when to see a doctor and how to use an epinephrine auto-injector if needed. If you have a severe allergy to bee or wasp stings, they might suggest allergy testing or desensitization therapy.